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SAN FRANCISCO, July 11 (Xinhua) -- A group of U.S. kids who participated in an intervention program and their parents have reported increases in energy-saving behaviors, such as turning off power strips at night and washing clothes in cold water.

The kids of 30 Girl Scout troops in northern California were in the program known as Girls Learning Environment and Energy, or GLEE, and were offered two interventions designed to promote energy-saving behaviors either at home or in food and transportation decisions.

Using a randomized control trial, the 318 girls, all fourth- and fifth-graders, were randomly assigned to one of the interventions, which were developed by researchers from Oregon State University and Stanford University. And the results were in a study published Monday in the journal Nature Energy.

In 50- to 60-minute lessons once a week for five weeks, the Girl Scouts learned about different ways to save energy in their assigned intervention group and participated in activities designed to support the lessons.

The girls and their parents completed surveys about their energy-saving behaviors at the beginning and end of the five-week program and again several months later.

"The goal of the program was to get the girls actively practicing and mastering the skills, and modeling the behaviors that would lead to reduced energy use," said Hilary Boudet, an assistant professor of climate change and energy at Oregon State University and lead author of the study.

The researchers found that the increased energy-saving behavior, as self-reported by the children, continued for more than seven months after the trial program ended, and that the intervention had an effect on parents' energy-saving behavior for more than eight months, suggesting that these kinds of educational programs could have a significant and lasting impact on family energy consumption.

"Children are a critical audience for environmental programs, because their current behavior likely predicts future behavior," Boudet said.

"By adopting energy-saving behaviors now and engaging family and community members in such efforts, children can play an important role in bringing about a more sustainable future."

The study's authors estimate that the reported behavior changes associated with the home energy savings intervention represent an annual household energy savings of 3-5 percent immediately following the intervention and 1-3 percent at follow-up.

Girls in the food and transportation intervention also reported a significant increase in energy-saving behavior at the end of the program, but there was no significant change noted at the seven-month follow-up or among parents.

Boudet said the food and transportation program may have proved more challenging for the children, in part, because they have less control over the types of transportation used by their families or the types of food their families buy and eat.

Based on GLEE's initial success, researchers are working to disseminate the curriculum to Girl Scout leaders around the

BEIJING kobe 10 elite pas cher , Oct. 14 (Xinhua) -- Chinese banks extended a forecast-beating amount of new loans in September while broad money supply growth also accelerated, buoyed by credit demand from the real economy.

New yuan-denominated lending in September hit 1.27 trillion yuan (about 192.8 billion U.S. dollars), up from 1.09 trillion yuan in August, well above market expectations kobe 8 elite pas cher , central bank data showed Saturday.

The M2, a broad measure of money supply that covers cash in circulation and all deposits, at the end of September rose 9.2 percent from a year earlier, accelerating from 8.9 percent recorded a month ago kobe 9 em philippines pas cher , the People's Bank of China (PBOC) said in a statement on its website.

It marked the first time M2 growth has picked up in eight months, but the rate was still 2.3 percentage points lower from a year earlier.

Newly added total social financing, a broader measure of new credit in the economy, reached 1.82 trillion yuan in September kobe 9 em low pas cher , up from 1.48 trillion yuan in August.

The combined data reflected the sharp drop in loans from banks to other financial firms, which is considered a key channel for financing shadow banking transactions, Bloomberg chief Asia economist Tom Orlik said in a research note.

China's central bank has been trying to strike a balance between defusing risks arising from shadow banking activities and guiding funds into the real economy to shore up growth.

"The government is aiming to deleverage without moving any great distance from its commitment to 6.5 percent annual GDP growth out to 2020. That implies credit to the real economy will have to stay on a rapid growth path," Orlik said.

In a bid to improve credit support for small and micro-sized enterprises kobe 9 em game royal pas cher , startups and agricultural production, the PBOC recently announced a targeted reserve requirement ratio (RRR) cut.

The new policy, which goes into effect in 2018, offers commercial banks an RRR cut of 0.5 to 1.5 percentage points from next year if their annual outstanding or new loans in inclusive financing reach certain requirements.

China International Capital Corporation had previously estimated that the cut kobe 9 em pas cher , after implementation, may release more than 800 billion yuan of liquidity into the economy.

According to Jiang Chao, chief economist at Haitong Securities, the announcement kobe venomenon 5 pas cher , together with Saturday's M2 data, was not an indication that the central bank is loosing its stance on financial deleveraging.

"Taking into account the high leverage in the domestic real estate market and potential interest rate hike by the Federal Reserve, it's unlikely the PBOC will loosen its monetary policy," Jiang said.

PBOC data also showed that in the first three quarters kobe 10 usa pas cher , Chinese banks extended 11.16 trillion yuan of new loans, 998 billion yuan more than the same pe. Wholesale Cheap Jerseys China http://www.wholesalenflcheapjerseysonline.com/ Wholesale NBA Jerseys Wholesale Authentic Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale NHL Jerseys From China Wholesale Authentic NFL Jerseys Wholesale Custom NCAA Jerseys Wholesale NBA Jerseys From China Cheap MLB Jerseys
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